Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Haemulidae
(Grunts) > Haemulinae
Etymology: Pomadasys: Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum + Greek, dasys = with hair (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bloch.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; amphidromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 20 - 110 m (Ref. 12260), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Indo-West Pacific: throughout the Indian Ocean (Ref. 11441) and the western Pacific, north to China, south to Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 59.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3626); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450); max. published weight: 3.2 kg (Ref. 40637)
soft rays: 7. Small-sized fish of moderately deep body. Isthmus narrow, forming a groove. Chin with 2 pairs or small pores. This species is characterized by several dark large elongate blotches on the upper back, one forming a saddle on the nape.
Found in coastal waters over sand near reefs. Feeds on crustaceans and fishes (Ref. 5213). Edible but spoils easily.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Smith, M.M. and R.J. McKay, 1986. Haemulidae. p. 564-571. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 2799)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.4 - 28.6, mean 27.4 °C (based on 798 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01698 (0.01110 - 0.02599), b=2.93 (2.81 - 3.05), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.67 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 6.9 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.16).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 44.8 [21.6, 85.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.605 [0.325, 1.217] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [16.5, 20.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.275 [0.124, 0.580] g/100g ; Selenium = 36.8 [16.8, 81.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 108 [34, 346] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.26 [0.72, 2.03] mg/100g (wet weight);