Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Myctophiformes
(Lanternfishes) > Myctophidae
(Lanternfishes) > Myctophinae
Etymology: Myctophum: Greek, mykter, -eros = nose + Greek, ophis = serpent (Ref. 45335). More on author: Garman.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C - ; 25°N - 31°S
Western Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden to Sofala Bank; Agulhas Current south to about 31°S. Eastern Indian Ocean: Indonesia to northwestern Australia (5°N-18°S). Western Pacific: southeast Asian seas. Eastern Pacific: Hawaii (Ref. 58302) and Panama to 04°15'S, 83°37'W of Peru (Ref. 5530); with more northerly distribution starting at 25°N (Ref. 31442). This fish comes from Xisha Islands and Zhongsha Islands of the South China Sea (Ref.74511).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 559)
Neustonic (Ref. 58302). High-oceanic and mesopelagic. Found from the surface to 300 m at night (Ref. 4066). Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Ref. 31442).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hulley, P.A., 1986. Myctophidae. p. 282-321. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4066)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.2 - 4.5, mean 2.7 °C (based on 1589 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00223 - 0.01418), b=3.10 (2.88 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.47 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .