Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Labeo: Latin, labeo = one who has large lips (Ref. 45335). More on author: Linnaeus.
According to Fricke (2008: Ref. 83466) and Eschmeyer (CofF ver. May 2011: Ref. 86870), this species has been wrongly named Labeo niloticus (Forsskål, 1775) for a long time, and should be named Labeo vulgaris Haeckel, 1847. This needs further evidence and we keep Labeo niloticus but with the authorship as (Linnaeus, 1758) until the case is fixed.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Africa: within the drainage basin of the Nile (Blue and White) and in Lake Rudolf and Omo River. Not known from any East Coast rivers or from the Congo basin. Several dubious records from West Africa require validation.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 22 - 26 cm
Max length : 47.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2801)
Most closely resembles L. horie, with which it has often been confused (Ref. 1440).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Reid, G.M., 1985. A revision of African species of Labeo (Pisces: Cyprinidae) and a re-definition of the genus. Verlag von J. Cramer, Braunschweig. 322 p. (Ref. 1440)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00405 - 0.01487), b=3.02 (2.86 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.5 ±0.28 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 2.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .