Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: Chondrostoma: Greek, chondros = cartilage + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335). Name referring to the characteristic horny layer on the lower lip (Ref. 57917).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical; 43°N - 42°N, 19°E - 20°E
Europe: Lake Skadar basin (Montenegro and Albania). Believed to be extinct but this is probably not conclusive due to lack of reliable field data. Known only from museum specimens collected in 1881.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Diagnosed from congeners in Balkan Peninsula by the following characters: strongly arched mouth, lower lip with thin but well developed cornified sheath; scales on lateral line 51-59; ½8/1/4 scales in transverse row between dorsal-fin and pelvic-fin origins; dorsal fin with 8-9½ branched rays; anal fin with 9-10½ branched rays; and 14-17 gill rakers (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Elvira, B., 1997. Taxonomy of the genus Chondrostoma (Osteichthyes, Cyprinidae): an updated review. Folia Zool. 46 (Suppl. 1):1-14. (Ref. 27763)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00340 - 0.01618), b=3.13 (2.94 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .