Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cobitidae
Etymology: Cobitis: Greek, kobitis, -idos = a kind of sardine; also related with the voice Greek, kobios, Latin gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Economidis & Nalbant.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical
Europe: Endemic to Greece (Ref. 26100). Found in Louros and Kalamas drainages (Ref. 59043).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Two lamina circularis. Pigmentation (Gambetta's longitudinal zone of pigmentation): zone Z4 with 12-18 blotches, often squarish, triangular, or fused two by two; flank pigmented to below zone Z4; zone Z3 present in juveniles, in large adults (> 70 mm SL) wider than zone Z4, densely pigmented and fused with zone Z1 on caudal peduncle (Ref. 59043).
A short-lived species. Adults inhabit marshlands, rivers, springs and associated wetlands (Ref. 26100), in still to moderately flowing water on sand to silt bottom (Ref. 59043). Oviparous, possibly with distinct pairing during breeding similar to congeners (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
During courtship, 'the male follows the female and, after both enter dense vegetation (e.g. filamentous algae), the male forms a complete ring around the female's body behind the dorsal as the female releases the eggs' (Ref. 59043).
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00246 - 0.01227), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assumed Fec < 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .