Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cobitidae
Etymology: Cobitis: Greek, kobitis, -idos = a kind of sardine; also related with the voice Greek, kobios, Latin gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical; 41°N - 40°N, 20°E - 21°E
Europe: Lake Prespa (Greece, Albania, and Macedonia).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043); 11.0 cm SL (female); max. reported age: 1.00 years (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Pigmentation (Gambetta's longitudinal zone of pigmentation): blotches of zonez Z2 and Z4 grey to olive, edges not sharply contrasted; zonesZ1 and Z3 absent or very poorly defined and present only on anterior half of body. Presence of two laminae circularis.
Adults inhabit lakes and highland water courses, with sand or mud bottom and underwater vegetation (Ref. 59043). Feed on invertebrates. Spawn in April and May (Ref. 59043). Oviparous, with distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Threatened due to water abstraction and pollution (Ref. 26100).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
During courtship, 'the male follows the female and, after both enter dense vegetation (e.g. filamentous algae), the male forms a complete ring around the female's body behind the dorsal as the female releases the eggs' (Ref. 59043). Probably a multiple spawner (Ref. 59043).
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00246 - 0.01227), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tmax = 1; Assumed Fec < 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .