Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Centrarchiformes
(Basses) > Chironemidae
Etymology: Chironemus: Greek, cheir = hand + Greek, nema = filament. More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range - 30 m (Ref. 9003), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C - ; 29°S - 47°S
Southwest Pacific: Australia and New Zealand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 40.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9002)
Commonly found in kelp and weed areas of shallow rocky reefs exposed to strong surge and wave action (Ref. 33616). Feed on invertebrates and small fishes (Ref. 9003).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Paulin, C. and C. Roberts, 1992. The rockpool fishes of New Zealand (Te ika aaria o Aotearoa). Museum of New Zealand (Te Papa Tongarewa). 177 p. (Ref. 9003)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 14.5 - 22.2, mean 17.6 °C (based on 132 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00398 - 0.02628), b=3.05 (2.83 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 35.5 [20.9, 70.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.869 [0.538, 1.399] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.2 [19.3, 21.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.219 [0.139, 0.347] g/100g ; Selenium = 18.8 [10.3, 33.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 41 [14, 116] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.898 [0.617, 1.329] mg/100g (wet weight);