Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobionellinae
Etymology: Hyrcanogobius: Composed from Hyrcania, old Persian region near of caspian Sea + Latin, gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; demersal. Temperate; 48°N - 36°N, 46°E - 54°E
Europe and Asia: endemic to the Caspian Sea.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 2 - 2 cm
Max length : 3.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 50519); max. reported age: 1.00 years (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This near-pelagic coastal marine species is found in areas with different salinities, including freshwater. It lives for a year and matures at 18-20 mm SL. Spawns after first winter, May-June, down to 2-7 m, with females probably laying 2-3 portions of eggs (0.4-1.0 mm), separately attached inside a mollusc shell; and adults dying soon after spawning. Feeds on small crustaceans (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Females probably lay 2-3 portions of eggs (Ref. 59043).
Reshetnikov, Y.S., N.G. Bogutskaya, E.D. Vasil'eva, E.A. Dorofeeva, A.M. Naseka, O.A. Popova, K.A. Savvaitova, V.G. Sideleva and L.I. Sokolov, 1997. An annotated check-list of the freshwater fishes of Russia. J. Ichthyol. 37(9):687-736. (Ref. 26334)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00319 - 0.02732), b=2.95 (2.71 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm=1).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .