Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cobitidae
Etymology: Cobitis: Greek, kobitis, -idos = a kind of sardine; also related with the voice Greek, kobios, Latin gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate
Europe: Northern Adriatic basin, from Po to Soca drainages (Slovenia, Italy, Switzerland), Durance system (Rhône drainage, France) and Zrmanja drainage (Croatia). Introduced to most of Italy (including Sardinia), Lake Bañolas (northeastern) Spain) and upper Rhine drainage (Switzerland) (Ref. 59043).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043); 10.0 cm SL (female); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Two black spots at caudal base. Pigmentation (Gambetta's longitudinal zone of pigmentation): presence of a narrow line of minute spots, usually ending below or in front of dorsal origin on zone Z3 in males. In mature males, zones Z2 and Z4 often continuous dark stripes. One lamina circularis (Ref. 59043).
Found in lakes, rivers, brooks and irrigation channels with still or moderately flowing water on sand, gravel or mud bottom, often with vegetation (Ref. 59043). Oviparous, with distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Females mature at 2 years of age (Ref. 59043).
During courtship, 'the male follows the female and, after both enter dense vegetation (e.g. filamentous algae), the male forms a complete ring around the female's body behind the dorsal as the female releases the eggs' (Ref. 59043).
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00246 - 0.01227), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=2; Assumed Fec < 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .