Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Soleidae
Etymology: Dicologlossa: Greek, di = two + Greek, kolo = cut + Greek, glossa = tongue (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bennett.
In the genus Solea in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. Feb. 2013: Ref. 93002).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 1 - 150 m (Ref. 2683). Subtropical; 34°N - 17°S, 18°W - 17°E
Eastern Atlantic: Portugal, Madeira; west coast of Africa from Mauritania to Sierra Leone, also Gulf of Guinea, Congo and Angola (Ref. 5304); including the western Mediterranean (Ref. 3397).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Inhabits shallow waters, occasionally up to 150 m depth (Ref. 2683).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Desoutter, M., 1990. Soleidae. p. 1037-1049. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 5304)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 18.3 - 27.9, mean 25.7 °C (based on 120 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00509 - 0.01560), b=3.06 (2.91 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 160 [71, 401] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.39 [0.77, 2.66] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.4 [19.0, 21.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.113 [0.067, 0.190] g/100g ; Selenium = 29 [14, 60] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 13.8 [4.3, 43.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.99 [0.60, 1.56] mg/100g (wet weight);