Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Orectolobiformes
(Carpet sharks) > Hemiscylliidae
Etymology: Chiloscyllium: cheilos (Gr.), lip, referring to membranous and broad lower lip, presumably of C. plagiosum (proposed without a species); skylion, Greek for dogfish or small shark. (See ETYFish); burmense: -ensis, Latin suffix denoting place: Burma (Myanmar), type locality. (See ETYFish).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 29 - 33 m (Ref. 13292). Tropical; 18°N - 14°N, 93°E - 98°E
Eastern Indian Ocean: off Rangoon, Burma [=Myanmar].
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 57.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 13292)
Feeds on small bony fishes (Ref. 43278). Oviparous (Ref. 50449).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, paired eggs are laid. Embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Howe, J. and V.G. Springer, 1993. Catalog of type specimens of recent fishes in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, 5: Sharks (Chondrichthyes: Selachii). Smithson. Contrib. Zool. 540:19. (Ref. 13292)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00407 (0.00180 - 0.00922), b=3.09 (2.89 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100).