Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Stomiiformes
(Lightfishes and dragonfishes) > Stomiidae
(Barbeled dragonfishes) > Astronesthinae
Etymology: Borostomias: Greek, boros, -a, -on = gluttonous + Greek, stomías, -ou = a tough, hard -mouthed horse (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Lönnberg.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 300 - 2630 m (Ref. 5169). Deep-water; 66°N - 66°S, 180°W - 180°E
Eastern Atlantic: Nunavut south to Bay of Biscay including western Mediterranean. Elsewhere, Southern Ocean from 35°S to 65°S.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5169)
An oceanic and mesopelagic species usually found deeper than 500 m during the day (Ref. 2802). Feeds on midwater fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 2802).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gibbs, R.H. Jr., 1984. Astronesthidae. p. 325-335. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 2802)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 2.2 - 8.3, mean 4.9 °C (based on 1349 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00417 (0.00166 - 0.01047), b=3.04 (2.82 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.54 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 37.6 [19.7, 80.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.431 [0.242, 0.733] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.1 [16.0, 18.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.303 [0.160, 0.562] g/100g ; Selenium = 21.4 [9.2, 44.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 18 [5, 60] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.469 [0.319, 0.690] mg/100g (wet weight);