Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Tetraodontiformes
(Puffers and filefishes) > Monacanthidae
Etymology: venusta: Name meaning 'beautiful', referring to its vivid coloration.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 20 - ? m (Ref. 9002). Subtropical
Indo-West Pacific: widespread in southern Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9002)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 31 - 32;
Vertebrae: 20. Diagnosis: Head relatively acute, with upper profile of snout concave. First dorsal spine armed with small barbs, originating over posterior half of eye. Scales on body small, each armed with 1 strong central spinule capped with a fleshy papilla, giving the skin a coarse feel. Caudal peduncle unarmed. Color pattern consists of 4-5 brown longitudinal body stripes on a white background, 2 of which continue anteriorly on head and posteriorly on upper and lower rays of caudal fin (Re. 35708).
Found mostly in deep coastal reefs, in sponge areas (Ref. 9002). Young are mainly found with kelp (Ref. 9002).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kuiter, R.H., 1993. Coastal fishes of south-eastern Australia. University of Hawaii Press. Honolulu, Hawaii. 437 p. (Ref. 9002)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02138 (0.01034 - 0.04421), b=2.92 (2.74 - 3.10), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 45.7 [16.0, 120.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.02 [0.53, 2.19] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.1 [17.0, 21.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.175 [0.079, 0.367] g/100g ; Selenium = 14.2 [6.4, 35.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 38.4 [9.7, 147.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.06 [0.58, 1.85] mg/100g (wet weight);