Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Sargochromis: Greek, sargos = sargus + see under Chromis. More on author: Pellegrin.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 11°N - 21°S
Africa: Cunene River system, Okavango River, upper and middle Zambezi River, Kafue River (Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia and Zimbabwe)(Ref. 7248, 52307).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 23.8, range 23 - 25 cm
Max length : 48.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7248); max. published weight: 2.9 kg (Ref. 5693); max. reported age: 7 years (Ref. 7248)
Prefers deep main river channels and floodplain lagoons (Ref. 7248) with sandy bottoms (Ref. 7248, 52307). Feeds primarily on snails, bivalves and insect larvae (Ref. 7248, 52307), rarely also on fish or plants (Ref. 52307). Ovophilic (Ref. 52307), female mouthbrooder (Ref. 7248, 52307), breeds in early summer (Ref. 7248). Up to 700 eggs may be laid per female and per brood; males construct shallow, rounded pits approximately 20-30 cm in diameter, preferably in regions containing vegetation (Ref. 52307).
A mouth brooding species. A female of 31 cm caught in a seine net carried 674 fry in her mouth.
Skelton, P.H. and G.G. Teugels, 1991. Serranochromis. p. 442-453. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5693)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01950 (0.00893 - 0.04257), b=3.02 (2.83 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.52 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 1.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=1-3; tmax=6.5; Fec=300).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .