Sargochromis giardi, Pink happy : fisheries, gamefish

Sargochromis giardi (Pellegrin, 1903)

Pink happy
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes (Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Sargochromis: Greek, sargos = sargus + see under Chromis.  More on author: Pellegrin.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ).   Tropical; 0°C - ; 11°N - 21°S

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Cunene River system, Okavango River, upper and middle Zambezi River, Kafue River (Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia and Zimbabwe)(Ref. 7248, 52307).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm 23.8, range 23 - 25 cm
Max length : 48.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7248); max. published weight: 2.9 kg (Ref. 5693); max. reported age: 7 years (Ref. 7248)

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Prefers deep main river channels and floodplain lagoons (Ref. 7248) with sandy bottoms (Ref. 7248, 52307). Feeds primarily on snails, bivalves and insect larvae (Ref. 7248, 52307), rarely also on fish or plants (Ref. 52307). Ovophilic (Ref. 52307), female mouthbrooder (Ref. 7248, 52307), breeds in early summer (Ref. 7248). Up to 700 eggs may be laid per female and per brood; males construct shallow, rounded pits approximately 20-30 cm in diameter, preferably in regions containing vegetation (Ref. 52307).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

A mouth brooding species. A female of 31 cm caught in a seine net carried 674 fry in her mouth.

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Skelton, P.H. and G.G. Teugels, 1991. Serranochromis. p. 442-453. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5693)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 March 2007

CITES

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
FAO - Publication: search | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
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Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
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References
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Aquaculture profile
Strains
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Stamps, Coins Misc.
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Ciguatera
Speed
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Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
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Internet sources

AFORO (otoliths) | Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | BOLDSystems | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes: genus, species | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | FAO - Publication: search | Faunafri | Fishipedia | Fishtrace | GenBank: genome, nucleotide | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Socotra Atlas | Tree of Life | Wikipedia: Go, Search | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01950 (0.00893 - 0.04257), b=3.02 (2.83 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.52 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 1.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=1-3; tmax=6.5; Fec=300).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.