Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Centrarchiformes
(Basses) > Percichthyidae
Etymology: Percichthys: Greek, perke = perch + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical
South America: Colhue Huapi lake, Chubut, Negro, Limay and Colorado rivers, Tulumaya stream and Puente de Fierro lake in Argentina.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 59.1 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8 - 11. Differs from its congeners by the mouth isognathous or prognathous (vs. hypognathous); infraorbital 2 rectangular, completely serrated ventrally (vs. irregularly shaped, smooth or partially serrated ventrally); palatine with long dentigerous process (vs. short dentigerous process); dentigerous arm of premaxilla about 2.5 times height of ascending process (vs. about 2 times or less that height); small process for insertion of ligamentum primordium on maxilla; long coronoid process, reaching posteriorly the level of the posterior border of dentary (vs. not reaching posterior border of dentary); long anguloarticular bone, with well-developed, posterodorsally directed postarticular process and mandibular sensory canal completely enclosed in bone, hyoid artery in a groove on posterior surface of dorsal hypohyal ( vs. hyoid artery piercing dorsal hypohyal); dorsal border of anterior ceratohyal only smoothly concave. Differs further by the following combination of characters: quadrate-mandibular articulation just behind orbit; posterior border of maxilla reaching middle of orbit or further backwards, at posterior half of infraorbital 2 or further backwards; 3 predorsal bones; one supernumerary spine on first dorsal pterygiophore (rarely none); 3rd or 4th dorsal fin spine the longest; 7-9 trisegmented pterygiophores in dorsal fin; upper jaw length 130-160% snout length and 35-45% HL; head length 30-38% SL; pectoral and pelvic fins of similar length, being 45-60% HL and 55-75% body depth; 14-17 pectoral fin rays; 8-11 anal fin rays; 45-49 caudal fin rays; procurrent spur present (Ref. 55324).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
López-Arbarello, A., 2004. Taxonomy of the genus Percichthys (Perciformes: Percichthyidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 15(4):331-350. (Ref. 55324)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .