Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes
(Sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Centrophoridae
Etymology: Centrophorus: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, pherein = to carry (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range - 770 m (Ref. 47737), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Northwest Pacific: Xisha (Paracel) Islands and off the Zujiang River mouth, Hong Kong. A similar and perhaps identical species occurs off Maldives, Sri Lanka, and the Philippines.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 97 - 100 cm
Max length : 108 cm male/unsexed; (Ref. 58048)
Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449). Diet poorly known, but stomachs examined contained fishes and cephalopods. Caught by demersal fisheries operating in deepwater areas. Utilized for its meat, fins (low value) and liver oil (very high value)(Ref.58048).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205). Gives birth to litters of 2 pups after an unknown gestation period; no apparent reproductive synchronicity. Largest embryo recorded was 32 cm TL (Ref.58048).
Compagno, L.J.V. and V.H. Niem, 1998. Squalidae. Dogfish sharks. p. 1213-1232. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 31367)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00263 (0.00121 - 0.00572), b=3.18 (2.99 - 3.37), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (71 of 100) .