Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Halichoeres: Greek, als, alis = salt + Greek, choiros = pig (Ref. 45335); orientalis: Named in reference to its occurrence in southern Japan and Taiwan (Ref. 31549) More on author: Randall.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 30 m (Ref. 31549), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
Northwest Pacific: southern Japan and Taiwan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 31549)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 12;
Vertebrae: 25. Each lateral line scale with 2-4 tubules; without scales on cheek or opercle; without scales basally on dorsal or anal fins; a single pair of stout canines anteriorly in each jaw; a strong canine at corner of mouth; 9th dorsal spine longest, 2.75-3.1 in HL; green with 4 longitudinal salmon pink to orange bands on head, the 2nd and 3rd passing through eye, the 3rd bifurcating on opercle; a small vertically elongate black spot behind eye; upper 3 bands of head continuing as stripes anteriorly on body, and 2 more commencing from beneath pectoral fin, these stripes variously breaking into segments and forming 6 groups of irregular spots dorsally on body, the 2nd group in a dusky blotch; presumed male with this blotch black and containing small irregularly yellow spots; another presumed male phase blackish posteriorly to a vertical through base of 6th dorsal spine.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Randall, J.E., 1999. Halichoeres orientalis, a new labrid fish from southern Japan and Taiwan. Zool. Stud. 38(3):295-300. (Ref. 31549)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 21.4 - 27.1, mean 24.9 °C (based on 176 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00473 - 0.02115), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 98.3 [46.7, 234.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.32 [0.73, 2.59] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.2 [16.3, 21.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.265 [0.139, 0.513] g/100g ; Selenium = 11.5 [5.4, 26.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 101 [28, 425] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.71 [1.01, 3.29] mg/100g (wet weight);