Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Engraulidae
(Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Cetengraulis: Greek, ketos = a marine monster, whale + Greek, eggraulis, -eos = anchovy (Ref. 45335). More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic; non-migratory; depth range - 32 m (Ref. 96339), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C - ; 32°N - 4°S, 115°W - 78°W (Ref. 54323)
Eastern Pacific: southwestern coast of Baja California, Mexico and from the Gulf of California to northern Peru (up to the Bay of Sechura). Apparently reaching Los Angeles, USA, but these are perhaps releases from tuna boats.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 12.9, range 12 - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 96339); common length : 12.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9298); max. reported age: 3 years (Ref. 905)
soft rays: 17 - 24. Head large and deep. Snout short and pointed, about 2/3 eye diameter; maxilla moderate, tip blunt, just failing to reach lower jaw articulation; lower gill rakers fine and numerous, increasing in large fishes; no gill rakers on posterior face of third epibranchial. Branchiostegal rays 8, long and slender; branchiostegal membrane broad. Silver stripe disappearing at about 8-10 cm SL.
Occurs inshore, principally over mud flats and forming quite large schools. Apparently not making long migrations along sandy or rocky areas. Juveniles feed principally on diatoms, also silico-flagellates, dinoflagellates and small crustaceans; adults also mainly on benthic diatoms. Used as tuna baitfish. Processed into fishmeal and oil.
Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: highly commercial; bait: usually
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 22.3 - 29.1, mean 25.9 °C (based on 231 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00513 (0.00308 - 0.00854), b=3.26 (3.12 - 3.40), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.5 ±0.21 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 0.8 (0.5 - 1.2) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 12 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.9-2.6; tm=1; tmax=4).
Prior r = 0.96, 95% CL = 0.64 - 1.44, Based on 3 stock assessments.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 248 [121, 556] mg/100g ; Iron = 3.63 [1.85, 6.43] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.7 [17.1, 20.2] % ; Omega3 = 1.34 [0.58, 3.01] g/100g ; Selenium = 25.5 [10.2, 59.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 4.3 [0.9, 16.5] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.81 [1.15, 2.95] mg/100g (wet weight);