Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Acanthuriformes
(Surgeonfishes) > Chaetodontidae
Etymology: Forcipiger: Latin, forceps = instrument of the pincers kind used for seizing and holding objects, esp. In surgical and obstetric operations + latin, gero = to carry; 1634 (Ref. 45335).
The species Forcipiger cyrano Randall, 1961 is considered as valid in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. Mar. 2011: Ref. 86697) following Randall (2007: Ref. 86689).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 3 - 200 m (Ref. 89972), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 28°N - 28°S, 32°E - 130°W
Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Hawaiian, Marquesan, and Pitcairn islands, north to the Bonin [=Ogasawara] Islands, south to New Caledonia and the Austral Islands; throughout Micronesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
A generally uncommon species that inhabits seaward reefs to depths greater than 60 m (Ref. 9710). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Feeds mainly on whole organisms such as small crustaceans. Usually seen in pairs. Oviparous (Ref. 205), monogamous (Ref. 52884). Forms pairs during breeding (Ref. 205). Sometimes dark brown instead of yellow (Ref. 48636). In the East Indian region this species is replaced by F. wanai at Cenderawasih Bay (Ref. 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing (Ref. 205). Monogamous mating is observed as both obligate and social (Ref. 52884).
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.7 - 29, mean 27.9 °C (based on 992 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02291 (0.01212 - 0.04329), b=3.02 (2.86 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 81.4 [49.0, 134.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.733 [0.485, 1.231] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.2 [18.2, 20.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.142 [0.092, 0.219] g/100g ; Selenium = 30.6 [17.2, 57.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 46.5 [15.2, 142.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.23 [0.84, 1.79] mg/100g (wet weight);