Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Halichoeres: Greek, als, alis = salt + Greek, choiros = pig (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 10 - 70 m (Ref. 12472), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Pacific: tropical, north to southern Japan; may ultimately be regarded as a subspecies of Halichoeres zeylonsis of the Indian Ocean. Also recorded from Indonesia, Mentawai Island (Ref. 5978).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9002); max. published weight: 82.64 g (Ref. 124708)
Inhabits seaward reefs, prefers open expanses of sand or mixed sand, rubble, and pavement usually below 11 m. Occurs in loose groups of one male and numerous smaller females and juveniles. Small groups of females and males moving over large areas by themselves, regularly checking females (Ref. 48636).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.3 - 28.9, mean 27.7 °C (based on 514 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00473 - 0.02115), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 79.1 [48.6, 154.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.724 [0.432, 1.225] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.7 [15.8, 20.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.156 [0.100, 0.238] g/100g ; Selenium = 31.3 [18.2, 51.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 108 [37, 338] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.71 [1.19, 3.01] mg/100g (wet weight);