Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cobitidae
Etymology: Cobitis: Greek, kobitis, -idos = a kind of sardine; also related with the voice Greek, kobios, Latin gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical
Europe: Spain. Alagón system (Tagus drainage).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043); 9.0 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
All barbels very small, hardly visible, mandibular barbel 7-40 times in HL. Pectoral fin length 4.9-8.6 times in SL in males, 6.9-13.5 times in females. 7.5 branched dorsal rays. One lamina circularis.
Found in deep, large stream with clear water, and sand to rock bottom (Ref. 59043). Oviparous, possibly with distinct pairing during breeding similar to congeners (Ref. 205). Spawns in April-June. Mainly distinguished by mtDNA characters and difficult to distinguish from C. paludica in the field (Ref. 59043). Population is threatened due to very restricted area of occurrence, agricultural water pollution, drought and introduced predators (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Doadrio, I. and A. Perdices, 1997. Taxonomic study of the Iberian Cobitis (Osteichthyes, Cobitidae), with description of a new species. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 119 (1):51-67. (Ref. 35402)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
Endangered (EN) (B1ab(ii,iii,v)+2ab(ii,iii,v)); Date assessed: 31 January 2006
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00246 - 0.01227), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assumed Fec < 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .