Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Dischistodus: Greek, di = two + Greek, schistos = fissile stone, Plinius + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335). More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 1 - 10 m (Ref. 7247), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 32°N - 25°S, 92°E - 171°E
Indo-West Pacific: eastern Indian Ocean from the Andaman Sea, Rowley Shoals (Ref. 9710) and northwest Australia eastward to the Solomon Islands, north to China, south to the Great Barrier Reef.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48636)
Adults occur in small patch reefs of shallow lagoons, with algae or seagrass habitats. The stomach of several specimens examined contained mainly algae and detritus mixed with sand grains (Ref. 7247). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205). Diurnal species (Ref. 113699).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.4 - 29.3, mean 28.7 °C (based on 2212 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00674 - 0.03244), b=2.99 (2.80 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 84.8 [39.8, 160.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.02 [0.58, 1.89] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.4 [16.2, 18.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.256 [0.119, 0.540] g/100g ; Selenium = 29 [13, 64] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 73.1 [17.2, 292.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.38 [1.55, 3.71] mg/100g (wet weight);