Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Plectroglyphidodon: Greek,plektron = anything to strike with, spur + Greek, glyphis = carved + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range - 6 m (Ref. 9002), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 30°N - 30°S
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to the Marshall and Pitcairn island groups, north to Japan, south to Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4391)
Adults inhabit surge-swept shorelines and seaward reef margins. Juveniles often occur in pockets of the intertidal reef crest, while adults are found in ridges between surge channels (Ref. 1602). Feed on benthic algae. Juveniles found in sheltered ocean bays, shallow low boulder-reefs above sand level. Known in clear-water reefs in gutters and upper edge of drop-offs (Ref. 9002). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205). Diurnal species (Ref. 54980; 113699).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Randall, J.E., 1995. Coastal fishes of Oman. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 439 p. (Ref. 11441)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.7 - 29.3, mean 28.3 °C (based on 3089 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02188 (0.01039 - 0.04607), b=2.99 (2.82 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 85 [48, 145] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.846 [0.538, 1.386] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.3 [17.1, 19.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.123 [0.072, 0.204] g/100g ; Selenium = 24.6 [12.3, 49.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 50.9 [13.1, 190.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.78 [1.15, 2.72] mg/100g (wet weight);