Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Pomacentrus: Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bloch.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 1 - 18 m (Ref. 89972), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 16°N - 32°S
Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Tuamoto Islands, north to Taiwan, south to Lord Howe Island.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7247)
Adults inhabit sandy areas of lagoon reefs, around isolated patch reefs, coral heads, or rubble. Usually in groups (Ref. 4391, 48636). Commonly found around jetty structures (Ref. 48636). Feed on zooplankton and filamentous algae (Ref. 7247). Diurnal species (Ref. 54980; 113699).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: public aquariums
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.2 - 29.3, mean 28.5 °C (based on 2624 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.01259 - 0.03162), b=2.94 (2.81 - 3.07), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.24 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 98.1 [53.2, 168.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.939 [0.592, 1.581] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [17.3, 19.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.159 [0.089, 0.278] g/100g ; Selenium = 21.3 [9.9, 42.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 153 [47, 507] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.52 [0.98, 2.35] mg/100g (wet weight);