Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Acanthuriformes
(Surgeonfishes) > Acanthuridae
(Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) > Nasinae
Etymology: Naso: Latin, nasus = nose (Ref. 45335). More on author: Lacepède.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Indian Ocean: Mozambique, Mauritius, Reunion (Ref. 54356), and Seychelles. Probably more wide-ranging in the area. Western Central Pacific: Guam (Ref. 35720) and Australia (Ref. 2334).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 35.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37792)
Occurs in coral reefs. Diet consisted a high proportion of the green alga, Caulerpa.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., 2001. Surgeonfishes of Hawai'i and the world.. Mutual Publishing and Bishop Museum Press, Hawai'i. 123 p. (Ref. 37792)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.5 - 29, mean 27.5 °C (based on 294 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.00 (2.82 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 2.6 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=4; K=0.428; Tmax=25).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 46.5 [21.7, 91.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.895 [0.456, 1.636] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.8 [16.7, 19.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.229 [0.111, 0.487] g/100g ; Selenium = 42.2 [18.4, 95.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 23.8 [5.8, 95.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.72 [1.01, 2.71] mg/100g (wet weight);