Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes
(Anglerfishes) > Himantolophidae
Etymology: Himantolophus: Greek, himas or himantos = leather strap, thong or leash (referring to the thick leathery illicium) + Greek, lopho or lophio = crest or tuft (referring to the baited illicium projecting from the head) (Ref. 86949).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 200 - 365 m (Ref. 86949). Deep-water
Eastern Central Atlantic: 4°11'N, 24°37'W (type locality) (Ref. 46206).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.2 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 4. Distinguishing characteristics of metamorphosed female: length of illicium 50-69% SL; proximal part of distal escal appendage undivided 18-32%SL, each primary branch with 2-3 bifurcations, unpigmented, 34-52% SL in total length; unpigmented posterior escal appendage, 5.6-7.0% SL; posterolateral appendages on stem of illicium 0-4, longest pair is distal most 0-402% SL; escal bulb and appendages of large specimens with small scattered dermal spinules (Ref. 86949).
Males unknown (Ref. 57659).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pietsch, T.W., 2003. Himantolophidae. Footballfishes (deepsea anglerfishes). p. 1060-1061. In K.E. Carpenter (ed.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Vol. 2: Bony fishes part 1 (Acipenseridae to Grammatidae). (Ref. 57659)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 12.8 - 20, mean 18.4 °C (based on 15 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).