Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Pogonichthyinae
Etymology: Cyprinella: Latin, cyprinus = carp (Ref. 45335); proserpina: Cyprinella meaning small carp, and proserpina, latinized form of Persephone (queen of the infernal regions, possibly in reference to the type locality of the Devils River) (Ref. 79012).
More on author: Girard.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical; 31°N - 30°N
North and Central America: Devils River, lower Pecos River and nearby tributaries of Rio Grande in Texas, USA; and Rio San Carlo (Rio Grande drainage), Coahuila, Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86798); common length : 4.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)
Found in rocky runs and pools of creeks and small rivers (Ref. 5723, 86798). Benthic insectivore. Feeds on dipterans, lepidopterans, trichopterans, ephemeropterans, and coleoterans (Ref. 79012).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00237 - 0.01060), b=3.13 (2.95 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).