Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Leuciscinae
Etymology: panosi: Named for Panos Economidis.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical
Europe: Acheloos and Louros river systems in Greece; lakes Trichonis and Ambrakia. Introduced in Lake Joannina.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043); max. reported age: 10 years (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 11;
Vertebrae: 40 - 41. Leucos panosi is distinguished by the following characters: moderate size, not exceeding 16.0-17.0 cm SL, usually 12.0-14.0 cm SL; lack of mid-lateral band; peritoneal membrane blackened by dense melanophores. It is quite similar to L. ylikiensis from which it differs mostly by having for 13-14 gill rakers (vs. usually 18-20 in L. ylikiensis) . It can be diagnosed from L. basak by having usually 42-43 lateral line (vs. 36-38 in L. basak); from L. aula by the absence of lateral band and the black color of the peritoneal membrane (vs. silvery in L. aula). It can be separated from all congeners by having usually 13-14 total gill rakes (vs. 8-10 in all others species, except L. ylikiensis with usually 18-20). The closest species, both on geographical distribution and molecular grounds is L. ylikiensis from western Greece (Ref. 96829).
Adapted to still water (Ref. 96829). Found in lakes. Larvae and juveniles live away from shore. Juveniles feed on invertebrates and plant material while individuals larger than 12 cm SL prey mainly on snails and mussels. Spawns in shallow and sandy areas with vegetation. Eggs are very adhesive, 1.0-1.4 mm in diameter (Ref. 59043). The presence of spawners in February suggests that spawning season may commence at the end of January and extend possibly until March-April (Ref. 96829).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Spawns once a year on plants or gravel. Eggs are very adhesive, 1.0-1.4 m in diameter (Ref. 59043).
Bianco, P.G. and V. Ketmaier, 2014. A revision of the Rutilus complex from Mediterranean Europe with description of a new genus, Sarmarutilus, and a new species, Rutilus stoumboudae (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Zootaxa 3481(3):379-402. (Ref. 96829)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00367 - 0.01569), b=3.13 (2.96 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .