Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Engraulidae
(Anchovies) > Coiliinae
Etymology: Coilia: Greek, koilia, -as = abdomen, hollow (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; pelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 10°N - 5°S, 94°E - 117°E (Ref. 189)
Western Central Pacific: Sarawak, Malaysia and western coast of Kalimantan, Indonesia. Also known from two specimens from Phuket, Thailand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 28.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 124479); common length : 20.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9822)
soft rays: 80. Body tapering, belly rounded before pelvic fins, with 14 to 16 + 31 to 39 = 47 to 54 keeled scutes from isthmus to anus. Maxilla long, reaching to beyond pectoral fin base. Pectoral fin with 6 filaments; the unbranched fin rays longer than those of pelvic fin.
Presumably estuarine, like other Coilia species, but more data needed. Found in estuaries and tidal reaches of river (Ref. 12693). Marketed fresh, dried, dried-salted, or made into fish sauce or fish balls (Ref. 9822).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Spawn in school (Ref. 205).
Munroe, T.A. and M. Nizinski, 1999. Engraulidae. Anchovies. p. 1698-1706. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the WCP. Vol. 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9822)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00288 (0.00154 - 0.00540), b=3.09 (2.93 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.58 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .