Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Grallenia: Named for Gerald R. Allen, (G+R+Allen+suffix '-ia'), in honor of his great contribution to our knowledge of the diversity of coral-reef fishes.; arenicola: Named for its sandy-bottom dwelling habit; Latin 'arena for sand and 'colo' for 'I inhait'.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 10 - 50 m (Ref. 75132), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
North Pacific: Japan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75132); 2.3 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 7 - 8;
Vertebrae: 27 - 28. This species is characterized by the following: second dorsal-fin rays I, 7-8 (usually I, 7); anal-fin rays I, 7-8 (usually I, 7); vertebrae 10+17-18=27 (usually 10+17=27); dorsal-fin spines not elongated in either sex; second dorsal fin does not reach the caudal-fin base when adpressed, length of longest ray 14.0-17.6% of SL; length of longest ray of anal fin 8.9-13.3% of SL; scales on body extending anteriorly to just behind pectoral-fin base; weak, low pelvic frenum; length of pectoral fin 20.7-25.9% of SL; caudal-peduncle length 24.6-28.6% of SL;
cephalic sensory canals with pores C' (unpaired), D (unpaired), E and F'; orange line absent on dorsal fins (Ref. 75132).
Found to be solitary on sandy bottom, around boulders or rocky reefs (Ref. 75132).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Shibukawa, K. and A. Iwata, 2007. Grallenia, a new goby genus from the western Pacific, with descriptions of two new species (Perciformes: Gobiidae: Gobiinae). Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Ser. A, Suppl. 1:123-136. (Ref. 75132)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00332 - 0.01511), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .