Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sparidae
Etymology: Acanthopagrus: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, pagros, a kind of fish (Ref. 45335); chinshira: Named for its local name around Nakagusuku Bay, Okinawa Island; noun in apposition..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic. Temperate
Northwest Pacific: from Okinawa Island, Japan, northwest coast of Taiwan, and Hong Kong.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75207)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8;
Vertebrae: 24. This species differs from its congeners by having the following set of characters: pelvic and anal fins are pale (yellow when fresh); D XI, 11; 4 1/2 scale rows above lateral line to base of middle dorsal spine; pored lateral-line scales 46-49 (usually 47 or 48); lower edge of infraorbitals straight; 6 rows of cheek scales; without diffuse black blotch at origin of lateral line and black spot on upper base of pectoral fin (Ref. 75207).
Large and fully matured adults are caught around coastal waters of Okinawa Island in midwinter, observed when fishery of this species is carried out by using set nets, gill nets, and bottom long-lines. Juveniles smaller than 10 cm) occur near shore from late spring to mid-summer. Almost nothing is known about the larvae and juveniles in spite of the commercial importance of this species in Okinawa Island, Japan (Ref. 75207).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kume, M. and T. Yoshino, 2008. Acanthopagrus chinshira, a new sparid fish (Perciformes: Sparidae) from the East Asia. Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci. Ser. A. Suppl. 2:47-57. (Ref. 75207)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 21.4 - 26.6, mean 24.3 °C (based on 168 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01950 (0.00842 - 0.04514), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .