Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes
(Stingrays) > Urolophidae
Etymology: Trygonoptera: Greek, trygon = a sting ray + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335); imitata: Name from Latin 'imitor', to copy or mimic, refers to its similarity to Trygonoptera mucosa and T. testacea in general appearance resulting in confusion over their identities. More on authors: Yearsley, Last & Gomon.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range ? - 120 m (Ref. 76956). Temperate
Southern Oceans: Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 68.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 76956); 79.3 cm TL (female)
Inhabits bays and coastal waters from close inshore near beaches to depths of at least
120 m (Ref. 76956).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Yearsley, G.K., P.R. Last and M.F. Gomon, 2008. Trygonoptera imitata sp. Nov., a new stingaree (Myliobatoidei: Urolophidae) from Southeastern Australia. pp. 261-267. In P.R. Last, W.T. White and J.J. Pogonoski (eds). Descriptions of new Australian chondrichthyans. CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper no. 22. 365 p. (Ref. 76956)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 14.6 - 18.4, mean 16 °C (based on 170 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 14 [2, 78] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.212 [0.039, 0.825] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.9 [17.5, 22.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.401 [0.134, 1.123] g/100g ; Selenium = 11.4 [2.8, 46.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 16.6 [3.5, 70.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.506 [0.133, 1.904] mg/100g (wet weight);