Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes
(Stingrays) > Dasyatidae
(Stingrays) > Urogymninae
Etymology: astra: Name from Latin 'astrum' for star or constellation, refers to the dorsal coloration, which usually consists of dark spots orbited in various ways by whitish spots, vaguely resembling a cluster of stars, evident in larger specimens. More on authors: Last, Manjaji-Matsumoto & Pogonoski.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 1 - 141 m (Ref. 76963). Tropical; 1°S - 29°S, 111°E - 155°E (Ref. 114953)
Indo-West Pacific: Australia, to West Papua, Indonesia; including Timor Sea (Ref. 76936); southern New Guinea (Ref. 114953).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 50 - ? cm
Max length : 180 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 76963)
A demersal species found inshore, over muddy bottoms or mangrove flats to 140 m depth. Litters of 1-3 pups. Feeds mainly on prawns and crabs (Ref. 114953). Birth size for this species is about 17-19 cm WD (Ref. 76963).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Last, P.R., B.M. Majajii-Matsumoto and J.J. Pogonoski, 2008. Himantura astra sp. Nov., a new whipray (Myliobatoidei: Dasyatidae) from Northern Australia. In Last, P.R., White, W.T. & Pogonoski, J.J. (eds.): Descriptions of New Australian Chondrichthyans. CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper no. 22. (Ref. 76963)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.5 - 28.8, mean 27.7 °C (based on 748 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.00587 - 0.04278), b=3.00 (2.77 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (90 of 100) .