Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes
(Salmons) > Salmonidae
(Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salmo: Latin, salmo, Plinius = salmon (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C - ; 42°N - 40°N, 20°E - 21°E
Europe: Eastern shore of Lake Ohrid, Macedonia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 36 - 39.7 cm
Max length : 76.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6323); max. published weight: 6.5 kg (Ref. 4699)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Distinguished from all its congeners in Balkan Peninsula by the combination of the following characters: lacustrine; size reaches up to at least 60 cm SL; in large adults, head and body silvery, with black spots, especially in upper part, red spots (when present) mainly along lateral line; flesh pinkish. Can be diagnosed from at least Salmo balcanicus and Salmo aphelios by its osteological characters (Ref. 59043). (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits lakes. Juveniles feed on zooplankton. Adults prey on zooplankton and fish, mainly Alburnus scoranza. Attains first sexual maturity at 5-6 years. Spawns in January-February in littoral and sublittoral areas (Ref. 59043). Threatened by habitat destruction, overfishing and introduction of new species (Ref. 26100).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
A single spawner (Ref. 58388).
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00495 - 0.02215), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.64 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (64 of 100) .