Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangaria/misc
(Various families in series Carangaria) > Centropomidae
Etymology: Centropomus: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum (Ref. 45335). More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 34°N - 1°N
Eastern Pacific: southwestern coast of Baja California Sur, Mexico and the central Gulf of California to northern Colombia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 65.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763); max. published weight: 3.2 kg (Ref. 40637)
Body slender and not very deep; dorsal profile slightly concave behind the eyes; lateral line extending to posterior edge of caudal fin; second anal spine, when folded down, not reaching origin of caudal fin; pectoral fins shorter than pelvic fins; anal fin with 7 rays; back blue or gray; belly silvery; lateral line dark. Membranes between second and third anal spines black; distal quarter of pelvic fins generally dark (Ref. 55763).
Adults inhabit bays and estuaries (Ref. 37955). Also found in high altitudes of at least 250 m elevation and a distance of some 20 km from the coast. They also occur in coastal waters, but is more abundant in estuaries of any size. Enter freshwaters mostly in large rivers and feeds on fish and crustaceans (Ref. 36880).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bussing, W.A., 1995. Centropomidae. Róbalos. p. 987-995. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9284)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.3 - 28.6, mean 27.5 °C (based on 36 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00464 - 0.01185), b=3.04 (2.90 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.65 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 175 [98, 281] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.11 [0.74, 1.91] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [16.2, 20.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.513 [0.201, 1.312] g/100g ; Selenium = 85.2 [37.8, 177.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 12.4 [5.4, 30.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.16 [0.83, 1.63] mg/100g (wet weight);