Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Syngnathiformes
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathinae
Etymology: Hippocampus: Greek, ippos = horse + Greek,kampe = curvature (Ref. 45335); curvicuspis: Name from the Latin 'curvus' for curved and 'cuspis' for spine; referring to the curved spines, including the nape spine and several spines on the superior and lateral trunk ridges..
More on author: Fricke.
This species is a synonym of Hippocampus hystrix Weber, 1913 according to Lourie et al., 2016 (Ref. 115213). This species record will be removed.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; non-migratory; depth range 6 - 20 m (Ref. 86942). Tropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Western Pacific: New Caledonia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.8 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 17. This large spiny seahorse is distinguished by the having 17 dorsal fin rays; 17-18 pectoral fin rays; 11 trunk rings; 35-37 tail rings; subdorsal spines 3/0,1,0; moderately large nose spine, height about equal to pupil diameter; double spine above eyes which are moderately long, shorter than eye diameter; single lateral head spine; raised coronet with 4 large spines; restricted gill openings, not close together near the neck ridge; shoulder rings not confluent over neck ridge, not forming continuous collar; the upper shoulder ring spine opposite 11th pectoral fin ray; trunk and tail ridges with many large, curved spines; snout length approximately 57% of head length (Ref. 75989).
Found in seagrass beds at depths of more than 6 meters (Ref. 75989).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).
Fricke, R., 2004. Review of the pipefishes and seahorses (Teleostei: Syngnathidae) of New Caledonia, with descriptions of five new species. Stuttgarter Beitr. Naturkd., Ser. A Nr. 668:1-67. (Ref. 75989)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00174 - 0.01147), b=3.00 (2.78 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .