Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Amphiprioninae
Etymology: Amphiprion: Greek, amphi = on both sides + Greek, prion, -onos = saw (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 1 - 12 m (Ref. 7247), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 30°N - 20°S, 91°E - 143°E
Western Pacific: Gulf of Thailand to southwestern Palau, north to southern Japan, south to Java, Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
Found in lagoon reefs and embayment. Monogamous (Ref. 52884), protandrous hermaphrodite (Ref. 55367). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205). Associated with the anemone Entacmaea quadricolor (Ref. 5911). Has been reared in captivity (Ref. 35413, 35415, 35418, 35420).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Benthic spawner. Length at sex change = 6.6 cm TL (Ref. 55367). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205). Monogamous mating is observed as both obligate and social (Ref. 52884). Also Ref. 240, 7471.
Fautin, D.G. and G.R. Allen, 1992. Field guide to anemonefishes and their host sea anemones. Western Australian Museum, Francis Street, Perth. (Ref. 5911)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.4 - 29.1, mean 28.7 °C (based on 1412 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02291 (0.01049 - 0.05001), b=2.99 (2.79 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.29 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 80.9 [48.9, 128.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.745 [0.493, 1.181] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.6 [17.5, 19.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.134 [0.085, 0.207] g/100g ; Selenium = 25 [14, 46] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 67 [21, 212] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.54 [1.04, 2.28] mg/100g (wet weight);