Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Eviota: No etymology given, suggested by Christopher Scharpt: from Latin 'eu' for 'true' and 'iota' for anything very small, in combination 'truly very small' referring to it as being the smallest vertebrate at the time it has benn described by Jenkins (thus, making the suggestion by Scharpt plausible.; ancora: Name from the Latin 'ancora' meaning hooked; referring to the distinctive orange hook-shaped marking on the side of the head; an adjective. More on authors: Greenfield & Suzuki.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 6 - 14 m (Ref. 86696). Subtropical
Western Pacific: Japan (Ryukyu Islands); Indonesia and underwater photographs from the Philippines.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86696)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 7. This species is distinguished from its congeners by following set of characters: cephalic sensory-pore system pattern group 2 (lacking only IT pore); dorsal/anal fin-ray formula 8/7; pectoral-fin rays simple; 5th pelvic-fin ray 10% of 4th; no distinct dark marks on body; scales not strongly pigmented; caudal fin with 5 irregular bands of circles of dark chromatophores crossing the fin; live or fresh specimens with a hook-shaped orange mark on side of the head (Ref. 86696).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Greenfield, D.W. and T. Suzuki, 2011. Two new goby species of the genus Eviota from the Ryukyu Islands, Japan (Teleostei: Gobiidae). Zootaxa 2812:63-68. (Ref. 86696)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 20.5 - 26.3, mean 23.3 °C (based on 102 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00454 - 0.02011), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .