Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Pomacentrinae
Etymology: Dischistodus: Greek, di = two + Greek, schistos = fissile stone, Plinius + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 1 - 12 m (Ref. 7247). Tropical; 26°N - 40°S
Indo-West Pacific: Nicobar Islands to Vanuatu, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to northwest Australia and the Great Barrier Reef (Ref. 9710).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90102)
Adults inhabit lagoons and coastal reefs, usually in silty areas (Ref. 4966). The true D. prosopotaenia ranges from Singapore to Sulawesi while the yellow-breasted variant ranges from Irian Jaya to eastern Australia and Vanuatu (Ref. 48636). May be found solitary or in groups (Ref. 90102). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205). Diurnal species (Ref. 113699).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 25.4 - 29.3, mean 28.6 °C (based on 2251 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00630 - 0.03316), b=3.00 (2.80 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.18 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 89.9 [45.0, 163.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.932 [0.565, 1.714] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.7 [16.6, 18.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.283 [0.139, 0.567] g/100g ; Selenium = 28.3 [14.4, 59.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 98 [28, 335] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.14 [1.44, 3.23] mg/100g (wet weight);