Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Osteoglossiformes
(Bony tongues) > Mormyridae
Etymology: Petrocephalus: Latin, petra = stone + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335); odzalaensis: This species is named for the Odzala National Park (Ref. 85331).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Africa: middle Congo River basin: Likouala drainage in Republic of Congo (Ref. 85331) and Ruki drainage in Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 93897).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 85331)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Diagnosis: Petrocephalus odzalaensis is distinguished from all other Petrocephalus species in Central Africa by the following combination of characteristics: dorsal fin shorter than anal fin; dorsal fin with a maximum of 22 branched rays; anal fin with a minimum of 27 branched rays; mouth sub-terminal, ratio between head length and mouth position is between 4,2 and 5,0; and eye small, the ratio head length and eye-diameter between 3,7 and 4,2 (Ref. 85331). Body pinkish-gray, darker dorsally, with the presence of three distinct pigmentation patches: (1) a distinct ovoid black mark situated below the anterior base of the dorsal fin on each side of the body; (2) a small black mark at the base of each pectoral fin; (3) an ovoid black mark on each side that is centered at the base of the caudal fin, not extending onto the upper and lower lobes of this fin (Ref. 85331).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lavoué, S., J.P. Sullivan and M.E. Arnegard, 2010. African weakly electric fishes of the genus Petrocephalus (Osteoglossomorpha: Mormyridae) of Odzala National Park, Republic of the Congo (Lékoli River, Congo River basin) with description of five new species. Zootaxa 2600:1-52. (Ref. 85331)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00704 - 0.03738), b=2.83 (2.65 - 3.01), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .