Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sparidae
Etymology: Acanthopagrus: Greek, akantha = thorn + Greek, pagros, a kind of fish (Ref. 45335); arabicus: Named for its type locality, the Arabian Sea including The Gulf..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range ? - 50 m (Ref. 11441). Tropical
Western Indian Ocean: from Duqum, southern Oman to Qatar, off the coasts of Kuwait (probably including Iran and Pakistan), to Trivandrum, south-western India.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 34.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4606); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3507)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 11 - 12;
soft rays: 8. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following set of characters: deep body, 2.03-2.38 (mean 2.21); D XI,11 or XII,10; scale rows between fifth dorsal-fin spine base and lateral line 4 1/2, scale rows above lateral line 4 1/2-5 1/2, scale rows below 12 1/2-13 1/2; second anal-fin spine [17.5-24.2% (mean 20·5%) of SL], 1.31-1.52 (mean 1.39) in 2AS/3AS; pored lateral-line scales 42-45 (mean 43.9); first soft dorsal-fin ray slightly longer than last dorsal-fin spine; pelvic and anal fins vivid or strong yellow, lower caudal-fin lobe yellow (lighter or whitish yellow in larger adults); no black streaks proximally on inter-radial membranes between yellow anal-fin rays; clear black
blotches are usually absent just beneath inter-radial membranes between dorsal-fin rays but upper
dorsal-fin membrane often with darker margin; at the origin of lateral line a weak diffuse dark blotch usually covering first pored lateral-line scale, continuing as a dense dark shading over upper part of posterior opercle (Ref. 93743).
Feeds mainly on echinoderms, worms, crustaceans and mollusks. Mainly exploited by artisanal fisheries. Sold fresh in markets (Ref. 3507).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Iwatsuki, Y., 2013. Review of the Acanthopagrus latus complex (Perciformes: Sparidae) with descriptions of three new species from the Indo-West Pacific Ocean. J. Fish Biol. 83(1):64-95. (Ref. 93743)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.6 - 29.3, mean 27.2 °C (based on 186 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02512 (0.01422 - 0.04436), b=2.95 (2.80 - 3.10), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (39 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .