Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Osteoglossiformes
(Bony tongues) > Mormyridae
Etymology: Marcusenius: Becasue of J. Marcusen, author of "Zur Phauna des Schwarzen Meeres", 1867; ichthyologist; multisquamatus: Marcusenius multisquamatus refers to the highest number of lateral line scales among the different forms of southern African bulldog fish, excluding the three Mossamedes/Cunene specimens (BMNH 1907.6.29.231–233) from any location on the Cunene up to 300 km north of the Angolan/Namibian border (Ref. 94473).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 17°S - 18°S, 13°E - 14°E
Africa: Kunene River, from just below Ruacana Falls to the Cunene River mout on the Angolan/Namibian border (Ref. 94473).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94473)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 28 - 31. Diagnosis: Body moderately long, prominent mobile and forward-extending mental lobe on lower jaw, median fins set well back with dorsal fin shorter than and originating behind anal fin, depth of caudal peduncle 34–43% of its length, 23–25 dorsal fin rays, 28–31 anal fin rays, 56–64 scales in lateral series, 12–16 scales around caudal peduncle, head length 19–21% of standard length, body depth 27–32% of standard length, dorsal fin length 18.1–22.3% of standard length, length of snout 45–50% of head length, anal fin length 22.7–25.3% of standard length, and length of caudal peduncle 16.3–19.9% of standard length (Ref. 94473).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kramer, B. and M. Wink, 2013. East-west differentiation in the Marcusenius macrolepidotus species complex in Southern Africa: the description of a new species for the lower Cunene River, Namibia (Teleostei: Mormyridae). J. Nat. Hist. 47(35-36):2327-2362. (Ref. 94473)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .