Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cobitidae
Etymology: Cobitis: Greek, kobitis, -idos = a kind of sardine; also related with the voice Greek, kobios, Latin gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335); avicennae: Named for the Persian polymath Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn Sīnā (Persian: Pur-e Sina [ˈpuːr ˈsiːnɑː] "son of Sina"; c. 980 - June 1037), commonly known as Ibn Sīnā or by his Latinized name Avicenna; here used as a noun in the genitive case.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range 0 - 1 m (Ref. 99625). Subtropical
Asia: Iran (Tigris).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 115171)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This specie is distinguished from its congeners in the Persian Gulf, Kor and southern Caspian Sea basins by the following set of characters: males with a single lamina circularis on pectoral fin in males (vs. 2 in C. elazigensis, C. linea); individuals larger than 6.5 cm SL with 5-6 rows of dark spots on dorsal and caudal fins in (vs. 3-4 in C. faridpaki); sub-dorsal scales with a small focal zone (vs. large in C. amphilekta, C. taenia); Z4 consists of 12-17 distinct, large, dark-brown blotches (vs. 20-30 in C. faridpaki and vs. small, indistinct blotches in C. kellei); upper caudal-fin base with a small comma-shaped black spot (vs. a large spot in C. keyvani; 2 spots in C. melanoleuca) (Ref. 99625).
At the type locality of this species, the Dehno is a shallow and narrow (up to 5 m wide) stream with diverse structures (pools, riffles, gravel bed, sandy shore, etc.). At the time of collection, the water was clear with swift current and the specimens were found in shallow water (30-50 cm depth) above gravel (Ref. 99625).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mousavi-Sabet, H., S. Vatandoust, H.R. Esmaeili, M.F. Geiger and J. Freyhof, 2015. Cobitis avicennae, a new species of spined loach from the Tigris River drainage (Teleostei: Cobitidae). Zootaxa 3914(5):558-568. (Ref. 99625)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00631 (0.00332 - 0.01198), b=3.06 (2.90 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .