Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes
(Stingrays) > Dasyatidae
(Stingrays) > Urogymninae
Etymology: bineeshi: Named for Indian biologist K.K. Bineesh.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 13 - 22 m (Ref. 110187). Tropical
Indian Ocean: Pakistan and India, Bay of Bengal; probably most widely distributed but its occurrence may be strongly habitat dependent.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 66.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 110187); 25.0 cm WD (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 108 - 114. This species (size at least 66 cm DW) is distinguished by the following set of characters: disc is weakly rhomboidal to suboval, its length 93-98% DW; snout is moderately elongate with weak apical lobe, snout angle 116-121°; pectoral-fin apices are broadly rounded; orbits small to medium-sized, barely protruding; relatively narrow mouth, its width 1.2-1.3 in internasal width; distance between first gill slits is 2.2-2.5 times internasal distance; distance between fifth gill slits is 1.4-1.6 times internasal distance, 28-30% of ventral head length; pelvic-fin base is broad, 14-15% DW; main suprascapular denticle is large, yellowish, broadly ovate, usually followed by smaller subtriangular denticle; secondary denticles developing rapidly, forming a broad band extending from interorbit to tail base by 24 cm DW; dorsal disc uniformly light brown, without white spots; pale ventrally with broad, faint and slightly darker lateral margins; tail dark brown to blackish dorsally and white ventrally forward of caudal sting; plain blackish posteriorly or with weak, irregular pale dorsal banding (in young); pectoral-fin radials 127-131; total vertebral count, 108-114, including synarcual centra, monospondylous centra 44-46, pre-sting diplospondylous centra 64-69 (Ref. 110187).
Smallest specimen, immature male at 20 cm WD is postnatal; birth size unknown, but probably ca. 15.0-17.0 cm WD (Ref. 110187).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Manjaji-Matsumoto, B.M. and P.R. Last, 2016. Two new whiprays, Maculabatis arabica sp. nov. and M. bineeshi sp. nov. (Myliobatiformes: Dasyatidae), from the northern Indian Ocean. Zootaxa 4144(3):335-353. (Ref. 110187)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.00587 - 0.04278), b=3.00 (2.77 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (74 of 100) .