Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes
(Stingrays) > Dasyatidae
(Stingrays) > Neotrygoninae
Etymology: caeruleopunctata: Name from Latin 'caeruleus' (sky blue) and 'punctum' (dot or spot), referring to its bluespotted coloration and having a wider distribution than other blue-spotted forms.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated. Tropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Indian Ocean: southern Indonesia and possibly westward to Africa.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm WD male/unsexed; (Ref. 116741); 47.1 cm WD (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This large species of the kuhlii-complex (reaching at least 47 cm DW; males maturing at 31 cm DW) is distinguished by the following set of characters: disc is much broader than long, width 1.2-1.3 times length; pectoral apices are abruptly angular; snout fleshy, broadly rounded to obtuse, with angle 125-130°, its length 1.8-2.4 times interorbital width; maximum width is relatively well forward on disc, length from snout tip to pectoral-fin insertion 1.9-2 times and disc width 2.6-2.9 times horizontal distance from snout tip to maximum disc width; preoral length 1.6-2.3 times mouth width; internasal distance 1.4-1.8 in prenasal length; interspiracular distance 13-14% DW; nostril length 2.5-3.5% DW; nasal curtain width 8-9.4% DW; small mouth, its width 6.6-7.9% DW; horizontal distance from cloaca to caudal sting base 51-56% of disc length; thornlets are present in nuchal and lumbar regions in large individuals, but none from tail in all sizes; dermal denticles are entirely absent from body; pectoral-fin radials 105-110; total vertebral centra (including synarcual) 133-142, trunk centra (including synarcual) 38-43; blue spots are medium-sized, largest spot on disc 0.5-0.8 times eye width; with 0-3 (mean 0.8) blue spots on medial belt, largest 1.7-2.7% DW; mask-like marking dark, not covered with dark peppery spots; ventral surface of disc and pelvic fins are with sharply defined dark greyish brown submarginal bands; dark ventral tail before caudal sting; ventral tail fold is almost entirely dark in young (Ref. 116741).
This demersal fish occurs inshore to mid-continental and insular shelves. Males mature at 31 cm DW and individuals born ca 17 cm DW (Ref. 114953).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Last, P.R., White, W.T. and B. Séret, 2016. Taxonomic status of maskrays of the Neotrygon kuhlii species complex (Myliobatoidei: Dasyatidae) with the description of three new species from the Indo-West Pacific. Zootaxa 4083(4):533-561. (Ref. 116741)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00344 - 0.03341), b=3.11 (2.86 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100) .