Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Acanthuriformes
(Surgeonfishes) > Pomacanthidae
Etymology: Centropyge: Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, pyge = tail (Ref. 45335); cocosensis: Named for itts type locality, Cocos (Keeling) Islands.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated. Tropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Eastern Indian Ocean: Cocos (Keeling) Islands and Christmas Island.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished by the following characters: colour of live individual is lemonpeel yellow with blue margined gill operculum, spine and fins; conspicuous blue iris and faint blue eye ring surrounding the eye; colour in alcohol is uniformly yellowish with dark eye and dark posterior dorsal, anal and caudal fin margins; differs from C. flavissima (and 2 other species of this specis complex) by nucleotide quasisynapomorphies at the CO1 locus, these include G at both nucleotide sites 247 and 366 of the gene (Ref. 116591).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Shen, K.-N., C.-W. Chang, E. Delrieu-Trottin and P. Borsa, 2016. Lemonpeel (Centropyge flavissima) and yellow (C. heraldi) pygmy angelfishes each consist of two geographically isolated sibling species. Mar. Biodiv. DOI 10.1007/s12526-016-0509-y (Ref. 116591)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.03311 (0.01558 - 0.07036), b=2.88 (2.70 - 3.06), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .