Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Trimma: Greek, trimma, -atos = something crushed (Ref. 45335); quadrimaculatum: Name from Latin 'quadrus' meaning four fold and 'maculatus' for spotted; referring to the four prominent subcutaneous spots above anal fin and ventral caudal peduncle.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 10 - 16 m (Ref. 104898). Tropical
Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea, Saudi Arabia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 104898); 1.7 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 7;
Vertebrae: 27. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D VI + I,8; A I,7; pectoral-fin rays 15-17, with most rays unbranched; scale series - longitudinal 23-25; transverse counted forward 7; median predorsal scales 6-8 (usually 7 or 8), the scales reaching to just behind eye; eyes are slightly elevated resulting in a shallow pit in interorbital area and a shallow groove along dorsoposterior margin of eye; the pectoral-fin base is covered with 2 large cycloid scales (and 1 or 2 smaller scales); prepelvic area covered with about 3-6 rows of cycloid scales; reduced transverse pattern of sensory papilla rows on cheek; nape with 1-2 modified elongate papillae behind each eye; connected pelvic fins form a plate, no interspinal membrane, the fifth ray with 2 dichotomous branches; head and body with broad, irregular, brown bars, the last bar posteriorly on caudal peduncle extending basally onto rays of caudal fin; head with 3 dark brown bars below eye; the basal quarter of second and third membranes of first dorsal fin with diffuse dark blotch; 2 subcutaneous dark brown spots along the anal-fin base, 2 similar spots ventrally on caudal peduncle behind rear base of anal fin (Ref. 104898).
Usually found in small groups in small caves in the reef wall of fringing reefs in seaward reefs and bays (Ref. 104898).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hoese, D.F., S.V. Bogorodsky and A.O. Mal, 2015. Description of a new species of Trimma (Perciformes: Gobiidae) from the Red Sea, with a discussion of the generic separation of Trimma and Priolepis, with discussion of sensory papillae terminology. Zootaxa 4027(4):538-550. (Ref. 104898)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00454 - 0.02011), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .