Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Valenciennea: From Achille Valenciennes 1794-1865; he worked with Duméril, Cuvier and Lacepède since 1815; malacologist, author of a "Histoire naturelle des poissons" (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 45 m (Ref. 48637), usually 1 - 30 m (Ref. 27115). Tropical; 22°C - 27°C (Ref. 27115); 44°N - 29°S, 32°E - 138°W
Indo-West Pacific: southern Red Sea (Ref. 34105) and East Africa (where common, Ref. 9710) to Indonesia, north to southern Japan (Ref. 9710), south to the Great Barrier Reef (Ref. 2334).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9002); common length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9002)
soft rays: 11. Characterized by pale grey body color with broad white midlateral stripe bordered by pair of black to brownish stripes; first dorsal fin with large black spot; truncate to slightly emarginate caudal fin, ray above and below central three rays prolonged as filament in adult; length of caudal fin 2.4-5.0 in SL; longitudinal scale series 127-146; ctenoid body scales except cycloid on abdomen; head or midline of nape without scales; in adult, cycloid scales extending forward on side of nape to above middle of operculum; base of pectoral fin and prepelvic area scaled in adult; depth of body 5.0 in SL (Ref. 90102).
A relatively rare species occurring singly but usually in pairs over silty flat sand patches, or rubble substrates; a mound-building species. Usually found on outer reefs at the bottom of coral or rocky drop-offs, rarely in lagoons. Feeds on small burrowing animals by sifting mouthfuls of sand. Monogamous (Ref. 34105, 48637, 52884). Eggs hatched 2 days after spawning in aquaria; 35 days after, the larvae reached 5.25 mm.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Monogamous mating is observed as both obligate and social (Ref. 52884).
Hoese, D.F. and H.K. Larson, 1994. Revision of the Indo-Pacific gobiid fish genus Valenciennea, with descriptions of seven new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (23):71 p. (Ref. 8527)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.4 - 29, mean 27.6 °C (based on 1254 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00454 - 0.02011), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.41 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 64.1 [36.4, 118.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.619 [0.341, 1.039] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [17.0, 20.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.144 [0.076, 0.224] g/100g ; Selenium = 33 [18, 55] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 81.9 [25.9, 221.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.38 [0.88, 1.99] mg/100g (wet weight);