Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Serranoidei
(Groupers) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Liopropomatinae
Etymology: Liopropoma: Greek, leio = smooth + Greek, pro = in front of + Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Jordan & Seale.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 34 m (Ref. 9710), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 30°N - 30°S
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to the Line Islands and Samoa, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to Reunion and New Caledonia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.1 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90102)
Found in caves and crevices in lagoon and seaward reefs (Ref. 6180). Benthic (Ref. 75154). Secretive (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E. and L. Taylor, 1988. Review of the Indo-Pacific fishes of the serranid genus Liopropoma, with descriptions of seven new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (16):47 p. (Ref. 6180)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.3 - 29.3, mean 28.3 °C (based on 2603 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 171 [88, 373] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.787 [0.445, 1.428] mg/100g ; Protein = 18 [16, 20] % ; Omega3 = 0.135 [0.072, 0.257] g/100g ; Selenium = 30.4 [13.7, 65.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 140 [43, 499] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.79 [1.12, 2.84] mg/100g (wet weight);