Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Serranoidei
(Groupers) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Pseudogramma: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, gramma = letter, signal (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 65 m (Ref. 90102), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 32°N - 32°S
Indo-Pacific: Mauritius and the Cargados Carajos Shoals and Sri Lanka to French Polynesia (Moorea and Scilly Atoll); north to Japan; south to Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1602)
(total): 7 - 8;
soft rays: 15 - 18;
Vertebrae: 25 - 27. Brownish with dusky reticulations (Ref. 6635). No dermal flap or small tentacle dorsally on eye. Two large pores in interorbital space, one on each side close to the edge of the orbit. Tubular anterior nostril near the edge of the snout at the base of the upper lip, the tube is not long; when laid back reaching almost half way to posterior nostril. Second lateral line not fully developed. Longitudinal scale series 46-50(Ref. 27020).
Secretive (Ref. 48635); lives among corals of shallow reef flats and lagoons (Ref. 1602). Also found under dead coral pieces but quickly sneaks away when looking underneath (Ref. 48635). Solitary (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E. and C.C. Baldwin, 1997. Revision of the serranid fishes of the subtribe Pseudogrammina, with descriptions of five new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (26):56 p. (Ref. 27020)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.5 - 28.9, mean 27.5 °C (based on 746 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 171 [87, 368] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.771 [0.437, 1.395] mg/100g ; Protein = 18 [16, 20] % ; Omega3 = 0.136 [0.072, 0.259] g/100g ; Selenium = 29.1 [13.3, 62.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 158 [48, 560] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.82 [1.13, 2.89] mg/100g (wet weight);